Volume 26/2017

Alternative fuzzy operations: A critical approach and applications in social and economic sciences

Authors: Antonio MATURO, Fabrizio MATURO

Abstract: The applications of fuzzy numbers to Social Sciences, Economy, and Natural Sciences request, in various cases that the spreads, i.e. the region of indeterminateness, of the results of the operations between fuzzy numbers be less than the ones expected by the Zadeh’s extension principle. Moreover, it appears to be necessary to consider operations that save the shapes of fuzzy numbers. To this aim fuzzy operations are dealt with, alternatives to the operations induced by the extension principle. Critical analyses of logical principles which support the various operations are carried out. Some application to Social Sciences and Economy are considered.

Keywords: modelling impreciseness; fuzzy number; fuzzy structure; application to social sciences; application to economy

Pages: 3-19 | Full text (PDF)

Social research and fuzzy logic: The analysis of industrial district

Author: Vincenzo CORSI

Abstract: The aim of this work is to analyze the social and economic development in Italy and the role of industrial districts. This work describes the Italian model of industrial districts and the method to locate the presence of an industrial district in the region. The presence of small and medium-sized firms in the area often give rise to complex organizations based on cooperation and competition between them. In this work, Fuzzy logic is used as a methodological instrument to offer a view over Italian industrial districts. Given that Fuzzy logic recognizes more than simple true and false values, propositions can be represented with degrees of truth and falsehood. Fuzzy logic can be considered as a an equivalent of the fuzzy set theory: we can define social phenomena in terms of degrees of belonging to a homogeneous set of phenomena. This paper presents a method to identify clusters according to a Fuzzy logic; the perspective is sociological. Furthermore, In this paper, a method of study is proposed in practical terms with the sociological aspects of interpretation.

Keywords: fuzzy logic; economic development; industrial district

Pages: 20-27 | Full text (PDF)

Semiotic foray into the mountain rural tourism

Authors: Vasile AVĂDĂNEI, Ioan SURDU, Lidia AVĂDĂNEI

Abstract: Rural mountain tourism development occurs on the bases of skyrocketing complexity: tenderers increase competition, increase consumer requirement, intensifie investment, increase professionalism, promotion is more aggressive and ingenious, etc. It becomes increasingly obvious that the cultural development equation of a mountainous areas occupy extensive and consistent elements waiting to be harnessed. Studies related to the creation of concepts and measurement and interpretation of their relevance and impact must generate new solutions and new forms of approach that includes all stakeholders. If we consider communication support between them, we find that the scope of the problem of rapidly expanding fields including cultural, commercial, educational, mobility, health, etc. Justification attribute “smart” associated to tourism area include necessarily its integration and framing into semiotic area. It is what we propose in this paper: to draw attention and to provoke a debate on rural mountain tourism semiotics for a more complete interpretation of verbal and nonverbal language used between stakeholders and decision makers. The topic opens new horizons that turns into new opportunities and new approaches to strategic and tactical considerations which will be finalized in cash and noncash balances in particular and overall balances.

Keywords: semiotics; rural tourism; mountain tourism; communication in tourism; culture

Pages: 28-41 | Full text (PDF)

Educational structure of labour market in the Republic of Moldova

Author: Svetlana ZAHAROV

Abstract: The principal aim of this article is the analysis of qualitative changes of labour market in the Republic of Moldova. The study includes the analysis of education level of employed labour force and unemployed for the period 2000-2015, the change in labour force as the national level, and in the main age groups, by education level, including professional education and without. The conclusion about the improving the quality of labour force due to the increasing the education level that will contribute the competitiveness of labour force and minimize the negative effects of an ageing labour force in labour market.

Keywords: labour market; labour force; education

Pages: 42-50 | Full text (PDF)

Sustainable tourism development in the Siret-Prut-Nistru Euroregion

Authors: Mirela STOICAN, Carmen Corina VIȘAN, Teodor PĂDURARU

Abstract: The wine tourism, as part of cultural tourism, directly contributes to the development of world tourism. The development of a sustainable tourism which harmoniously combines the natural tourism potential with the anthropic tourism, may be, under bio-eco-economic conditions, an opportunity to Romanian-Moldavian cross-border cooperation. The study aimed to identify the heritage of wine tourism in the two countries, with the main aim of elaborating development strategies for the wine tourism potential in order to intensify cross-border cooperation and ensuring a sustainable development of the Siret-Prut-Nistru Euroregion tourism.

Keywords: wine tourism; sustainable development; bio-eco economy; smart sustainable development; tourist heritage

Pages: 51-66 | Full text (PDF)

Rural tourism in Turkey

Author: Osman Eralp ÇOLAKOĞLU

Abstract: The paper deals with the description of Turkey as a rural tourism destination. The country is briefly presented from several perspectives: history; geography; demography; ethnography, folk culture, and tradition; economy; society; services; tourism and rural tourism.

Keywords: Turkey; tourism; rural tourism

Pages: 67-84 | Full text (PDF)

Rural tourism in Poland

Authors: Aleksandra SPYCHAŁA, Sylwia Graja ZWOLIŃSKA

Abstract: The authors present the specific model of Polish rural tourism and discuss the perspectives of this type of tourism in Poland. The paper provides background data on the country, from various fields: history; geography; demography; ethnography; economy; society; services; tourism.

Keywords: Poland; tourism; rural tourism

Pages: 85-108 | Full text (PDF)

Assessment of enterprise based on the method of ratios

Author: Gabriela CIURARIU

Abstract: In order to develop its strategy, any enterprise is required to thoroughly know its financial situation in terms of the correlation between the financial efforts and the financial results, by the aid of the financial indicators. They are significant reports that regard the balance sheet or income statement of the company and enable the assessment of the financial situation, which has an essential role in the decision-making process. When developing the indicators, the basic idea is to capture the correlations between two variables characterized by a causal relationship; the indicators need to be significant for the phenomenon under study and to enable comparisons that reveal the trends in terms of their dynamics.

Keywords: financial performance; financial banking; company profitability

Pages: 109-119 | Full text (PDF)